Bass In the article “Disrupting Ourselves: The Problem of Learning in Higher Education,” by Randall Bass, the author argues that the traditional course is antiquated in that the most effective way of learning now happens outside the bounds of standard courses. Education is unique to every individual and should be guided with their particular needs. The education system needs to change to integrative thinking and experimental learning. The instructor based method is out of date that E-Portfolios are rapidly becoming the new thing. More and more students are familiarizing themselves with professors teaching online. The more educational methods change the better students will be able to succeed. The author uses visual elements such as quotes and diagrams to persuade the reader, in this case the audience are instructors. When Bass inserts the visuals in his writing, he does not introduce them or mentions them in any way. Though the visuals emphasize on Bass’s argument, they are inserted in the middle of a paragraph with no explanation. The author uses the visuals to enhance the logical appeal in the article. Bass writes, “On the one side is a growing body of data about the power of experiential learning in the co-curriculum; while on the other side is the world of informal learning and the participatory culture of the Internet.” He incorporates facts for the readers to understand what is happening to education (logos) and uses the aid of a visual to further enhance the credibility of his image and what he is trying to convey. Randall Bass text ideology is the change in education methods to applying what is learned to a real life situation versus staying in the traditional, stay in the class for two hours long, while listening to a professor teach, method. Bass values and understands that each individual is different. Each student learns differently and in different kinds of environment. He recognizes the importance it is to identify when standard courses no longer work. Everything is transitioning online. He knows that students now need more hands on learning with the ability to apply to their life. Bass says, “Students’ participate in one or more of these practices had the greatest impact on success.” When students are involved in internships, studying abroad, and/or seminars, they are able to succeed more than if they only went to a classroom to learn. The author of this article also made a Tedx talk. In doing this, we learn more about Randall Bass. We get a better sense of his personality and credibility by seeing how he acts in real life and not just through a computer screen. This is also known as ethos. He tells us a little about his wife and how above all else, the most important thing is to learn for the soul. Everything students learn should be able to be applied, not only for educational purposes but for each individual’s life and soul. By knowing a little bit of Bass’s life, it increases his credibility. His actions makes him trustworthy. His words do not seem like they are fake or unreliable. Overall Bass uses ethos, logos, and visuals to enhance the persuasion of his argument.